Dance of India
India is a land of amazing diversities. It is a land of diverse climatic conditions, geographical diversity and cultural diversity which have made it a diverse country. Diversities are distinctly obvious in all spheres of Indian life. Amazing diversities have made the Indian culture a unique one. Like all other facets of life, the dance forms India are also varied and different. There are several kinds of dance forms in India appealing culture buffs from different parts of the world. Dances of this country are deeply religious and spiritual in content and are performed on small to big occasions.
Indian dances are generally classified into two groups – Classical Dances of India and Folk Dances of India. Classical dances are generally religious and spiritual in content. Folk dances are also religious and spiritual in content but the main concern behind the folk dances is the festive mood and enthusiasm.
Dances are form logical expressions of human beliefs. Like the Indian culture, Indian classical dances are equally diverse in nature. There are many classical dance forms and countless folk dances in this country. Each dance form can be relished to different parts of the country. Each form represents the culture and philosophy of a particular regions or a group of people in India.
The most famous classical dance forms of India are Kathakali (Kerala), Mohiniattam (Kerala), Kathak (Uttar Pradesh & Bihar), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Manipuri (Manipur), Bharatnatyam (Tamil Nadu), Odissi (Orissa), etc.
The most famous folk dance styles of India are Gaur Dance (Madhya Pradesh), Chhau (Bihar), Dhumal (Kashmir), Padayani (Kerala), Dollu Kunitha (Karnataka), Dandiya & Garba (Gujarat), Gair (Rajasthan), Ghoomar (Rajasthan), Kalbeliya (Rajasthan), etc.
Famous classical dancers of India are Mallika Sarabhai (Bharatnatyam), Pandit Birju Maharaj (Kathak), Rukmini Devi Arundale (Bharatnatyam), Shovana Narayan (Kathak), Sonal Mansingh (Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, and Chhau), Uday Shankar, Yamini Krishnamurthy (Kuchipudi), etc.